On January 1, 2015, Citizenship and Immigration Canada introduced the express entry system – a selection method to ensure efficient processing and shorter wait times for permanent resident applications. The express entry system shifts the burden from the federal government, to the intended immigrant, to ensure (by way of federally approved third party verification) that all educational credentials are equivalent to Canadian standards and that language skills are at above average standards.
Potential applicants enter into an express entry pool and are then awarded a comparative ranking score with other applicants within the pool. Higher scores are given to those candidates who have had Canadian education, Canadian work experience and a job offer with a Canadian employer ready, willing and able to hire them. Six hundred (600) bonus points are allocated if the applicant has a formal job offer. Applicants with excellent language skills will enhance their overall point total.
In the first rounds of Invitations to Apply (ITA) by Citizenship and Immigration Canada, it was interesting to note that the comparative ranking system was set at a very high level which would ensure that candidates had employment, either sanctioned through a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) or through the British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP). However, over the succeeding three months the comparative ranking scores have dropped and the number of ITAs has increased, as seen in the following table:
||Comparative Ranking System (CRS)Points Level
||Number ofInvitations to Apply (ITAs)Issued by CIC
|January 31, 2015
|February 7, 2015
|February 20, 2015
|February 27, 2015
|March 20, 2015
|March 27, 2015
|April 10, 2015
|April 18, 2015
In order to match the express entry system of Citizenship and Immigration Canada, the BC PNP also introduced its own express entry system. Assuming that the candidate can qualify to enter the express entry pool of Citizenship and Immigration Canada, the BC PNP will use the Citizenship and Immigration Canada express entry profile number (issued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada when creating an express entry profile) to fast-track the BC PNP candidate.
For those candidates who have completed a Master’s Degree or PhD in certain fields, under BC PNP they will not have to obtain an LMIA or a job offer before updating their express entry profile at Citizenship and Immigration Canada. These areas of study include the following:
- Biological and biomedical sciences
- Computer and information sciences
- Health professions and related clinical sciences
- Mathematics and statistics
- Natural resources conservation research
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